A lime kiln is a structure used to break-down limestone rock using heat, into limestone powder. The kilns sites we have remaining in the harbour are based on a similar design and probably date from the mid 18th century. Most are double kilns, ie two separate fire chambers, which assisted the burning process, as the heat from the first burn was retained by the brick and stone, which aided a more efficient burn in the next chamber. We have two examples of the triple that I am aware of.
|Double kiln at Jack Meades, 1 of 2 on the property|
|second double at Jack Meades. Note: appears as if it was initially|
constructed as a single, and a second was added.
|An internal view of the firing chamber|
|A draw hole at the base, for lighting and controlling the fire, and|
drawing off the lime powder
|Double at Cheekpoint, below the lower quay|
photo by Brendan Grogan
|Triple at Woodstown|
|A lime kiln at Dunmore harbour early 1900's|
photo courtesy of Tommy Deegan WHG
a triple below Jack Meades pill, on private property
a single at Faithlegg, again on private property
a double at Cheekpoint, photographed
a triple at Woodstown, photographed
a single (based on the OSI maps/open to correction) at Dunmore. Since demolished. Photographed
Here's an interesting account/reenactment of the lime burning in action. No job for the faint hearted
I haven't sourced any others in the area. Its surprising to find nothing in or around Passage East,, and again west of Dunmore. Any corrections or further information gratefully received. Thanks to Brendan Grogan, Tommy Deegan, Waterford History Group and Michael Farrell of the Barony of Gaultier Historical Society for assistance.
Previously, I wrote two pieces about the local kilns in the Cheekpoint area
Part I: http://russianside.blogspot.ie/2014/05/limekilns-in-cheekpoint-faithlegg-area.html
Part II: http://russianside.blogspot.ie/2014/05/limekilns-in-cheekpoint-faithlegg-area_23.html
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